Severe Bleeding - First Aid!
1.Have the injured person lie down and cover the person to prevent loss of body heat. If possible, position the person's head slightly lower than the trunk or elevate the legs and elevate the site of bleeding.
2.While wearing gloves, remove any obvious dirt or debris from the wound. Don't remove any large or more deeply embedded objects. Your principal concern is to stop the bleeding.
3.Apply pressure directly on the wound until the bleeding stops. Use a sterile bandage or clean cloth and hold continuous pressure for at least 20 minutes without looking to see if the bleeding has stopped.
Maintain pressure by binding the wound tightly with a bandage or clean cloth and adhesive tape. Use your hands if nothing else is available. If possible, wear rubber or latex gloves or use a clean plastic bag for protection.
4.Don't remove the gauze or bandage. If the bleeding continues and seeps through the gauze or other material you are holding on the wound, don't remove it. Instead, add more absorbent material on top of it.
5.Squeeze a main artery if necessary. If the bleeding doesn't stop with direct pressure, apply pressure to the artery delivering blood to the area. Pressure points of the arm are on the inside of the arm just above the elbow and just below the armpit.
Pressure points of the leg are just behind the knee and in the groin. Squeeze the main artery in these areas against the bone. Keep your fingers flat. With your other hand, continue to exert pressure on the wound itself.
6.Immobilize the injured body part once the bleeding has stopped. Leave the bandages in place and get the injured person to the emergency room as soon as possible.
•DO NOT apply a tourniquet to control bleeding, except as a last resort. Doing so may cause more harm than good.
•If continuous pressure hasn't stopped the bleeding and bleeding is extremely severe, a tourniquet may be used until medical help arrives or bleeding is controllable.
•DO NOT peek at a wound to see if the bleeding is stopping. The less a wound is disturbed, the more likely it is that you'll be able to control the bleeding
•DO NOT probe a wound or pull out any embedded object from a wound. This will usually cause more bleeding and harm
•DO NOT remove a dressing if it becomes soaked with blood. Instead, add a new one on top
•DO NOT try to clean a large wound. This can cause heavier bleeding
•DO NOT try to clean a wound after you get the bleeding under control. Get medical help
Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if:
• Bleeding can't be controlled, despite the use of a tourniquet, or was caused by a serious injury
• The wound might need stitches
• Gravel or dirt cannot be removed easily with gentle cleaning
• You think there may be internal bleeding or shock
• Signs of infection develop, including increased pain, redness, swelling, yellow or brown fluid, swollen lymph nodes, fever, or red streaks spreading from the site toward the heart
• The injury was due to an animal or human bite
• The patient has not had a tetanus shot in the last 5-10 years
Herbal Medication for mild Bleeding
1. Young Banana leaves. Pound the young leaves until soft and juicy. Drop the juice over the wound. Apply with pressure on the pounded leaves over the wound. Bandage snugly but not too tight. If bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes, bring the patient to the nearest hospital or clinic for proper treatment.
2. Mayana Leaves. Wash the young leaves. Crush and extract the juice from the leaves. Drop few drops of the juice directly on the wound. Apply the crushed leaves as poultice. Bandage snugly but not too tightly to interfere with circulation